Army Medical Department issues from Operation Desert Shield / by Gerald A. Palmer.
Associated Name: Army War College (U.S.)
Publication year: 1991.
Call Number AD-A 236 932
Media class: eBook
Publisher: Carlisle Barracks, Pa. : U.S. Army War College
Series title: USAWC Military Studies Program paper ; Student papers
Additional information: ii, 29 p. ; 28 cm.
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At the outset of Operation Desert Shield, the Army Medical Department (AMEDD) quickly realized that it would be required to play a critical role in the operation. Throughout the crisis, however, significant challenges arose along the path of preparation. The AMEDD is organized with, roughly, seventy- five percent of its forces in the reserve components. Much of the call-up ordered by the President was for medical units and personnel. It is because of this significant weighting in the reserves of the medical assets that many of the issues were identified. It is also true that the use of the unique Presidential Call-up authority surfaced some of these issues. This paper focuses on issues that presented themselves as the process of responding to the crisis unfolded. They are: Deployability criteria of the Reserve Component personnel; Clarity of readiness status of units being activated; and, Command and control of medical assets in theater. Each issue is very broad in and of itself, but is further narrowed in the discussion to the relationships between law or policy and the realities of the units attempting to execute those policies. The methodology for the collection of issues consisted of interviews with leaders, consultants, and officers within the Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army, and at the Headquarters, U.S. Army Health Services Command and the Academy of Health Sciences, U.S. Army. A literature review was conducted of the legal and policy documents relating to the Presidential Call-up authority and the implementation of that Executive Order. The review included existing and developing AMEDD doctrinal literature to draw comparisons to the events as they occurred.
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