The United States and Colombia : the journey from ambiguity to strategic clarity / Gabriel Marcella.
Publication year: 2003.
Call Number U413.A66 S5 no.4 ; U413.R333 M37 2003
Media class: Book
Publisher: Carlisle Barracks, PA : Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College
ISBN: 1584871253 9781584871255
Series title: Shaping the regional security environment in Latin America, Special series
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This monograph is part of a special series, published jointly by the North-South Center of the University of Miami and the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College. It focuses on the regional security environment of Latin America. American strategy towards Colombia has shifted from a counternarcotics focus to more comprehensive support for that nation's security. This shift recognizes that Colombia's problems are deeply rooted and go beyond illegal narcotics. In the last year the Bush administration committed the United States to help Colombia defend democracy and to defeat the illegal armed groups of the left and right, doing so by promising to help that nation extend effective sovereignty over national territory and provide basic security to the people. The author identifies the strategic challenge of Colombia within the framework of the weak state and ungoverned space, made more complicated by the violence and corruption generated by the international organized criminals sustained by illegal drugs. He argues that the lessons learned in dealing with the security challenges that Colombia faces will have powerful consequences for the adaptation of American strategy to the conflict paradigm of the 21st century.
Introduction -- Why Colombia matters -- Colombia's uniqueness -- Anatomy of a weak state -- Weak military -- Weak, dysfunctional judicial system -- Lack of state presence and control -- Weak tax collection system -- The nature of the conflict -- The massacre at Bojaya -- Fernandinho and perverse globalization -- White Horse and parallel power -- The collar bomb -- Operation ORION : retaking Comuna Trece in Medellin -- The emergence of the strategic relationship : United States and Colombia -- The price of strategic clarity and the end of the peace process -- Evaluating Plan Colombia -- The southern campaign : temporary or permanent success? -- U.S. strategy : from the ambiguity of counternarcotics to the legitimate state authority and human rights -- Synchronizing strategy : the United States and Colombia and the Uribe difference -- Recommendations.
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