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Book:Hell to pay : Operation Downfall and the invasion of Japan, 1945-47 / D.M. Giangreco.:c2009. Hell to pay : Operation Downfall and the invasion of Japan, 1945-47 / D.M. Giangreco.
Author: Giangreco, D. M 1952-
Publication year: c2009.
Language: English
Call Number D767.2 .G49 2009
Media class: Book
Publisher: Annapolis, Md. : Naval Institute Press
ISBN: 9781591143161 1591143160
Additional information: xxiii, 362 p. : ill., maps ; 27 cm.
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Hell To Pay examines issues that comprised strategic plans for American invasion of Japan. U.S. planning for invasion and military occupation of Imperial Japan was begun two years before dropping atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Operation Downfall called for massive Allied invasion. In Operation Olympic, the U.S. Sixth Army would lead southern-most assault on Home Island of Kyushu preceded by dropping atom bombs behind landing beaches. Sixth Army would secure airfields and anchorages needed to launch second stage, Operation Coronet in 1946. The decisive Coronet invasion of industrial heartland of Japan through the Tokyo Plain would be led by Eighth Army and First Army. Japan's plans for Operation Ketsu-go, the "decisive battle" in the Home Islands, have been unexamined below strategic level. Hell to Pay examines invasion of Japan from Japanese and American operational and tactical planning documents unearthed by author in archives and through postwar interrogations and reports. It clarifies political and military ramifications of enormous casualties and loss of material projected by both sides in struggle to end the Pacific War through battles on Japanese soil--Publisher's description.
Foreword: "Three colonels" / Stanley Weintraub -- The maximum "bloodletting and delay" -- Spinning the casualties -- The First Army and Kwantung redeployments -- The Pacific build-up and Berlin decision -- "Not a recipe for victory" -- The decision -- Japanese defense plans -- "Victory might be salvaged" -- The "manpower box" -- Mistakes and misperceptions -- What is defeat? -- The amphibious operation -- On the ground -- Unexamined factors -- A "target-rich environment" -- Half a million Purple Hearts -- "Punishment from heaven" -- Appendix A. G-2 estimate of enemy situation on Kyushu, U.S. Sixth Army, August 1, 1945 -- Appendix B. G-2 analysis of Japanese plans for the defense of Kyushu, U.S. Sixth Army, December 31, 1945 -- Appendix C. Proclamation defining terms for Japanese surrender issued at Potsdam, July 26, 1945 (Potsdam Declaration) -- Appendix D. Extract from a letter written by James Michener, October 20, 1995.


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