Book Understanding foreign policy decision making / Alex Mintz, Karl DeRouen Jr.
Associated Name: DeRouen, Karl R., 1962-
Publication year: .
Call Number JZ1253 .M56 2010
Media class: Book
Publisher: Cambridge ;New York : Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521700092 0521700094 9780521876452 0521876451
Extent: xiii, 208 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making presents a psychological approach to foreign policy decision making. This approach focuses on the decision process, dynamics, and outcome. The book includes extended real-world case studies and examples that are woven into the text. The cases and examples include decisions made by leaders of the United States, Israel, New Zealand, Cuba, Iceland, United Kingdom, and others. In addition to coverage of the rational model of decision making, levels of analysis of foreign policy decision making, and types of decisions, the book includes material on alternatives to the rational choice model, the marketing and framing of decisions, cognitive biases, and domestic, cultural, and international influences on decision making in international affairs. Existing textbooks do not present such an approach to foreign policy decision making, international relations, American foreign policy, and comparative foreign policy. Provides a decision making approach to foreign policy making and full coverage of psychological aspects of foreign policy decision making. A number of case study examples are worked into the text (many of them from a non-US perspective). Focus on biases, errors and models of decision making--Publisher's description.
Part One: Introduction -- 1. Why study foreign policy from a decision making perspective? : Foreign policy decision making -- Why study foreign policy decision making? -- The rational and cognitive schools -- Comparative foreign policy : limitations of the decision making approach -- Plan of the book -- Part Two: The decision environment -- 2. Types of decisions and levels of analysis in foreign policy decision making : Types of decisions - Unilateral, negotiated, structured, and unstructured decisions -- Holistic, heuristic and wholistic decisions -- Trade-offs in decision making -- The level of analysis in foreign policy decision making - Individual-level decisions -- Group-level decisions -- Coalition decision making -- Case study : Israel's foreign policy making by coalition -- Another example of coalition decision making : Iceland's Cod War, 1971-1974 -- The decision environment - Time constraints -- Information constraints -- Ambiguity -- Familiarity -- Dynamic setting -- Interactive setting -- Risk -- Stress -- Accountability -- The role of advisory groups -- Information search patterns - Holistic versus nonholistic search -- Order-sensitive versus order-insensitive search -- Alternative-based versus dimension-based search -- Maximizing versus satisficing search patterns -- Compensatory versus noncompensatory rule -- Noncompensatory decision rules - Conjunctive decision rule (CON) -- Disjunctive decision rule (DIS) -- Elimination-by-aspect (EBA) decision rule -- Lexicographic (LEX) decision rule -- Conclusion -- 3. Biases in decision making : Case study : The U.S. decision to invade Iraq in 2003 - the effect of cognitive biases on foreign policy making -- Groupthink - Groupthink in American Foreign policy -- Beyond groupthink - Groupthink and multiple advocacy -- Polythink -- Case study : Polythink at Camp David, 2000 -- Did polythink lead to the collapse of the Camp David Talks? -- Group polarization effect -- Conclusion -- Part Three: Models of decision
making -- 4. The rational actor model : -- The rational actor model -- Case study : New Zealand's defiance of the United States and ANZUS -- The expected utility model of war decision making -- Opportunity costs -- Game-theoretic models - Prisoner's dilemma -- Chicken -- Tit-for-tat -- Conclusion -- 5. Alternatives to the rational actor model : Bounded rationality and the cybernetic model -- Bureaucratic politics -- Organizational politics -- Prospect theory : Sunk costs -- Integrating the rational and cognitive models : Poliheuristic theory -- What is Poliheuristic decision making? -- Case study : The decision not to invade Iraq in 1991 - an application of various decision making models to a foreign policy event -- Background -- A rational actor interpretation -- A cybernetic explanation -- A prospect theory explanation -- A poliheuristic explanation -- An organizational politics explanation -- A bureaucratic politics model -- Applied decision analysis - A simple example : The Cuban Missile Crisis and the decision matrix -- ADA : a closer look -- Application to decisions of leaders of terrorist organiaztions : Bin Laden and al-Qaeda -- Conclusion -- Part Four: Determinants of foreign policy decision making -- 6. Psychological factors affecting foreign policy decisions : Psychological factors - Cognitive consistency -- Evoked set -- Emotions -- Images -- Beliefs, belief systems, and schema -- Operational code analysis -- Analogies and learning -- The "Munich Analogy" and use of analogies in U.S. foreign policy -- Case study : Analogies in U.S.-Cuban relations, 1954-1967 - The analogies provided by Guatemala, 1954 -- The Bay of Pigs -- The Cuban Foco and Africa, 1965 -- Bolivia, 1966-1967 -- Leaders' personality -- Leadership style -- Types of leaders : Crusader, strategic, pragmatic, and opportunistic -- Cognitive mapping -- Conclusion -- 7. International, domestic, and cultural factors influencing foreign policy decision making : International factors -