Book Women in modern terrorism : from liberation wars to global Jihad and the Islamic State / Jessica Davis.
Publication year: 
Call Number HV6433.I74 D39 2017
Media class: Book
Publisher: Lanham, Maryland : Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9781442274976 1442274972 9781442274983 1442274980
Extent: ix, 181 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
"Recent events, including the rise of the Islamic State and its overt recruitment of Western women, have once again brought the issue of women participating in terrorist organizations to the forefront. Yet much remains to be understood about why women join terrorist organizations and why groups choose to incorporate them into their structures and operations. Women in Modern Terrorism, which draws from a unique dataset compiled over a decade, tackles these questions and analyzes women's inclusion in terrorist organizations since the beginning of modern terrorism, covering both religious and ethno-nationalist terrorism and conflict. The text opens with a discussion of the definition of terrorism before examining key issues, such as how and why women join terrorist groups, what women's inclusion in terrorist organizations reveals about the nature and longevity of both the groups and the conflicts, the future of women's role in terrorist organizations and attacks (particularly given the rise of new terrorist groups in Syria and Iraq), and the types of attacks women perpetrate and how they compare across groups. By looking at case studies --including Hizballah, Chechnya, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, Al Qaeda, Boko Haram, Al Shabaab, and more -- this text shows that women's inclusion in various terrorist organizations is largely a pragmatic choice by the group. It also highlights the cross-pollination of ideas between differently motivated groups. All these issues, along with the role of the media and the Internet in radicalization and recruitment processes, are explored to provide an exhaustive account of the many roles for women in terrorist groups today."--Back cover.
Introduction : Women in modern terrorism. Defining terrorism -- Data collection and methodology -- Studying women in terrorism -- 1. Organizational decision making. Women's roles in terrorist organizations -- Understanding the integration of women using structural and group factors -- Predicting women's involvement in conflict -- 2. Gender and radicalization process(es). The process(es) of radicalization -- Gendered radicalization? -- Women as lone actors -- Conclusions about women's radicalization processes -- 3. Lebanese Hizballah and Palestinian terrorist groups. Hizballah's lack of women operatives -- Women as terrorists in Palestinian terrorist groups -- Trends in women's participation in Palestinian terrorist activities -- Women : participants in political violence in Lebanon and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict -- 4. Women in ethno-nationalist conflict. Women in the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam -- Recruiting women into the LTTE -- Suicide terrorism in the LTTE -- Women's roles in the LTTE -- The women of the LTTE's impact on modern terrorism -- Women in the PKK -- 5. Women in global Jihad : from Al Qaeda to Chechnya. Women in Al Qaeda core -- The Russia-Chechnya conflict and Chechen black widows -- Comparing Al Qaeda core with Chechen terrorist groups -- 6. Evolving global Jihad : Boko Haram and Al Shabaab. Boko Haram's bombers : women and girls -- Assessing the agency of Boko Haram's female members -- Al Shabaab's inclusion of women in modern terrorism -- Comparing Boko Haram and Al Shabaab's use of women in modern terrorism -- 7. Women's role in the conflict in Iraq and Syria. Female suicide bombers in Iraq -- Women in ISIL -- Women's role in ISIL outside the Caliphate -- Why the Islamic State? The draw of fundamentalist religion in the recruitment of women -- Women in the (continually) evolving jihad -- Conclusion : Global trends in female terrorism. Women's involvement in modern terrorism -- Women as lone actors -- Women's other roles in terrorism
-- Addressing women in terrorism through counterterrorism initiatives -- Annex : Women in terrorism incident dataset. Al Qaeda -- Al Qaeda in Iraq -- Al Shabaab / Somalia -- Boko Haram / Islamic State West Africa -- Chechen groups -- Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) -- Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) -- PKK -- Palestinian (Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade) -- Palestinian (Fatah) -- Palestinian (Hamas) -- Palestinian (Palestinian Islamic Jihad) -- Palestinian (Unclaimed attacks) -- Syrian Socialist Nationalist Party -- TTP -- Unaffiliated events (Organized by location). Canada -- Iraq -- Israel -- Lebanon -- United Kingdom -- United States of America.