Book Criminals, militias, and insurgents : organized crime in Iraq / Phil Williams.
Associated Name: Army War College (U.S.). Strategic Studies Institute.
Publication year: 2009.
Call Number U413.A66 W542 2009 ; U413.R32 W542 2009
Media class: Book
Publisher: Carlisle, PA : Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College
ISBN: 9781584873976 1584873973
Extent: xvii, 275 p. ; 23 cm.
Dr. Williams looks in detail at major criminal activities, including the theft, diversion, smuggling of oil, the kidnapping of both Iraqis and foreigners, extortion, car theft, and the antiquities blackmarket. He also considers the critical role played by corruption in facilitating and strengthening organized crime. The book details how al-Qaeda in Iraq, Jaish-al-Mahdi, and the Sunni tribes used criminal activities to fund their campaigns of political violence. Dr. Williams identifies the roots of organized crime in post-Ba'athist Iraq in an authoritarian and corrupt state dominated by Saddam Hussein and subject to international sanctions. He also explains the rise of organized crime after the U.S. invasion in terms of two distinct waves. The first wave followed the collapse of the state and was accompanied by the breakdown of social control mechanisms and the development of anomie. The second wave was driven by anarchy, insecurity, political ambition, and the imperatives of resource generation for militias, insurgents, and other groups. He also identifies necessary responses to organized crime and corruption in Iraq, including efforts to reduce criminal opportunities, change incentive structures, and more directly target criminal organizations as well as activities. His analysis also emphasizes the vulnerability of conflict and post-conflict situations to organized crime along with the requirement for a holistic or comprehensive strategy in which security, development, and the rule of law complement one another.
The rise of organized crime in Iraq -- The theft, diversion, and smuggling of oil -- kidnapping in Iraq -- Extortion and other criminal activities -- Corruption and organized crime in Iraq -- Criminals, insurgents, terrorists, and militias.