Book French arms exports : the business of sovereignty / Lucie Béraud-Sudreau.
Associated Name: International Institute for Strategic Studies.
Publication year: 
Call Number U162 .A3 no. 475-476
Media class: Book
Publisher: Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge :London : International Institute of Strategic Studies
ISBN: 0367511452 9780367511456
HD9743.F82 B47 2020
Series title: Adelphi series
Extent: 187 pages ; 24 cm
From De Gaulle onwards, France's strategic independence has been predicated on self-sufficiency in modern weapons. To achieve and maintain the requisite defence-industrial base, in the context of limited domestic orders, Paris sought to promote the export of its arms. During the Cold War, this underpinned but was also an expression of France's determination to resist bipolar domination. France offered customers around the world an alternative to reliance on one superpower or the other; and in doing so it generated the revenue to support an extensive domestic arms industry. The end of the Cold War ushered in fundamental changes, however: Western defence spending shrank and the global market was turned upside down. While France's arms-export policy was less affected by human-rights concerns than other democracies, it was not immune to pressures stemming from the consolidation of Europe's defence-industrial base and the increased interest of the EU in regulating the arms trade. This Adelphi book considers how France has responded to changing political and market circumstances in the way that it promotes and controls the export of weapons. It examines the rationale for considering a liberal arms-export policy as essential to French independence, and the institutional arrangements that underpinned this. It tracks the dramatic changes in the global arms market since 1990, in terms of demand and market competition, and charts the response of the French government to these changes. The book underlines how the French machinery of government, as a directing force behind the defence industry, has been resistant to the notion of export restraint - even in the case of sales to authoritarian regimes. However, it argues that France now faces a dilemma over whether to continue with a long-successful course, or to moderate its independence through greater collaboration to bolster European integration and better compete globally.
Introduction Chapter 1. The French arms export policy model Chapter 2. The new post-Cold War arms market: competition, regulation and Europeanisation Chapter 3. Ambiguities of the French arms export policy in the post-Cold War era Chapter 4. Nicolas Sarkozy's 'stimulus package' for arms exports Chapter 5. Rebalancing under the Socialists: 'Team France' in service of arms sales Conclusion: Time to change? The arms exports dogma against European aspirations.