Book Egypt : security, political, and Islamist challenges / Sherifa Zuhur.
Associated Name: Army War College (U.S.). Strategic Studies Institute.
Publication year: 2007.
Call Number U413.R32 Z875 2007 ; U413.A66 Z833 2007
Media class: Book
Publisher: Carlisle, PA : Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College
ISBN: 1584873124 9781584873129
Extent: x, 151 p. ; 23 cm.
This monograph approaches three issues in contemporary Egypt: failures of governance and political development, the continued strength of Islamism, and counterterrorism. The Egyptian government forged a truce with its most troublesome Islamist militants in 1999. However, violence emerged again from new sources of Islamist militancy from 2003 into 2006. All of the previously held conclusions about the role of state strength versus movements divisions that led to the truce are now void as "Al-Qa'idism" continues to plague Egypt. The even more pressing need for democratization has been setback by the security situation. Yet political pressures might threaten the country's stability more thoroughly, in the longer run, than the sporadic terrorist attacks. Widespread political discontent has been expressed for the last several years and, unless uneven economic conditions improve and greater consensus is achieved, Egypt could move in one of three different directions.
Failing, or failed? -- Democracy -- The "new Middle East" and anti-Americanism -- Egypt's significance in the region -- The military and security services -- Aid, need, and violence in a "failing state" -- Subsidies -- Literacy and gender inequality -- National character arguments -- Egypt's democratization in the regional context -- Egypt's political development -- Indicators for democratization -- Egypt's regional role in global jihad -- Islamist violence -- Hereditary succession? -- Leadership alternatives? -- Is there a U.S. role in democratization? -- Islamism and radicalism in Egypt -- Islam and politics in Egypt -- The Muslim Brotherhood -- New radicals, and the new jihad under Sadat and beyond -- Radicals and moderates -- A war with Islamism -- Other types of repression -- Containing radical violence -- Al-Qa'ida's relationship with Egyptian Islamist militants -- Reemergence of jihad in Egypt? -- Revenge or underdevelopment? -- Al-Qa'idism and security -- Bedouin radicalism -- No solution? -- Ideological containment of threats -- Perpetual transitions? -- 2005 elections -- Preemptive reform?.