Book Terrorist rehabilitation : the U.S. experience in Iraq / Ami Angell, Rohan Gunaratna.
Associated Name: Gunaratna, Rohan, 1961- author.
Publication year: [©2012]
Call Number HV6431 .A544 2012
Media class: Book
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group
ISBN: 9781439852491 1439852499
Extent: xxviii, 426 pages : illustrations, map ; 25 cm
"Because terrorists are made, not born, it is critically important to world peace that detainees and inmates influenced by violent ideology are deradicalized and rehabilitated back into society. Exploring the challenges in this formidable endeavor, Terrorist Rehabilitation: The U.S. Experience in Iraq demonstrates through the actual experiences of military personnel, defense contractors, and Iraqi nationals that deradicalization and rehabilitation programs can succeed and have the capability to positively impact thousands of would-be terrorists globally if utilized to their full capacity. Custodial and community rehabilitation of terrorists and extremists is a new frontier in the fight against terrorism. This forward-thinking volume: Highlights the success of a rehabilitation program curriculum in Iraq ; Encourages individuals and governments to embrace rehabilitation as the next most logical step in fighting terrorism ; examines the recent history of threat groups in Iraq ; demonstrates where the U.S. went awry in its war effort, and the steps it took to correct the situation ; describes religious, vocational training, education, creative expression, and Tanweer programs introduced to the detainee population ; provides insight into future steps based on lessons learned from current rehabilitation programs. It is essential that we shift the focus from solely detainment and imprisonment to addressing the ideological mindset during prolonged incarceration. It is possible to effect an ideological transformation in detainees that qualifies them to be reclassified as no longer posing a security threat. This volume demonstrates that with the proper program and encouragement, a detainee|s extremist ideology can be replaced with the principles of moderation, toleration, and coexistence"--Back cover.
A recent history of Iraq. The extremist threat -- Introduction -- The case against Iraq -- The context -- Background -- Origins and development of threat groups -- The threat Landscape. Ansar al-Islam fi Kurdistan (Ansar al-Islam) -- Tanzim Qaedat fi Bilad al-Rafidayn (Al Qaeda in Iraq) -- U.S. impact on threat groups in Iraq -- Conclusion -- State of affairs of detainment and detainees. The predicament -- U.S. detainee operations -- Process in detainee operations -- Impact of the Abu Ghraib abuse -- Reaction to Abu Ghraib -- Conclusion -- Setting the stage for terrorist rehabilitation. Detainees (re) act -- Inside the wire -- Major theater internment facilities (TIFs) in Iraq -- USCENTCOM -- General David H. Petraeus -- Task Force 134 : Detainee Rehabilitation program is put forth for consideration -- Lt. Gen. Gardner acts -- Conclusion -- In (to) the fire. Introduction -- Major General Douglas M. Stone. Origination of the TIFRIC concept -- Initial challenges -- Rehabilitation pilot program -- MNFRC Boards -- Major General David E. Quantock -- Conclusion -- Part of the team. Prologue -- OSS contractors. Pilot program -- Introduction -- Sustenance -- Lodging -- Medical and spiritual services -- Extracurricular activities -- Work conditions -- Employed local Iraqi nationals. Introduction -- Sustenance -- Lodging -- Medical and spiritual services -- Extracurricular activities -- Work conditions -- Task Force 134 military staff liaisons -- Conclusion -- Detainee care and custody. Introduction -- Background -- Classification criteria -- Housing placement. Caravan -- Compound -- K-Span -- Modular detainee housing unit -- Special housing unit -- Former Baath Party regime members studios -- Sunni and Shiite division -- Medical access -- The motivation factor -- Conclusion -- A method to the madness. Introduction -- Rehabilitation unmasked -- Iraq's rehabilitation programs -- The program -- Counterinsurgency operations -- Information operations -- Intelligence gathering
-- Visitation -- Conclusion -- The secret weapon. Prologue -- Introduction -- Background. Iraqi Ministry of Education (MoE) -- Education placement -- Training program for local Iraqi civilian teachers -- Training program for detainee teachers for intra compound teaching -- Curriculum -- Intra compound schools -- Formal schools -- Computer training -- Challenges -- Conclusion -- Religious enlightenment. Introduction -- Background -- Growing pains -- Four-Day Program. Day One : Cleric component -- Social worker component -- Day Two : Cleric component -- Social worker component -- Day Three : Cleric component -- Social worker component -- Day Four : Cleric component -- Social worker component -- Four-Day Graduation -- Conclusion -- Teach a person to fish. Introduction -- Vocational skill training -- Agriculture -- Barbershop -- Carpentry -- Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning -- Masonry -- Sewing -- Conclusion -- Art of war. Introduction -- Prologue -- Creative Expressions Program (CEP) : Week one -- Week two -- Week three -- Week four -- Bucca Bears and Cropper Camels -- Arts and crafts -- Leaping forward -- Lessons learned -- The way forward -- Widening the scope. The Tanweer concept. Phase I : Initial Tanweer -- Phase II : Sustained Tanweer. 10-day civics course -- Train the trainer Tanweer -- Phase III : Transition Tanweer -- Tanweer transformed -- 12-day Tanweer -- 30-day Tanweer -- Conclusion -- The future of extremist rehabilitation programs. The context -- The background -- Human terrain is key -- The neglected battlefield -- Modes of rehabilitation : Religious rehabilitation -- Psychological rehabilitation -- Social and family rehabilitation -- Education rehabilitation -- Vocational rehabilitation -- Creative arts rehabilitation -- Recreation rehabilitation -- Working model. First fundamental aspect -- Second fundamental aspect -- Third fundamental aspect -- Fourth fundamental aspect -- Fifth fundamental aspect -- Sixth fundamental aspect -- Seventh
amental aspect -- Eighth fundamental aspect -- Ninth fundamental aspect -- Guiding principles -- The future -- Toward a global regime -- Conclusion -- Strategy for an unconquerable nation. Passion -- The Wrap-up -- American dream -- Leap of faith -- Persistence.